Illicit flows of small arms and light weapons undermine security and the rule of law they are often a factor behind the forced displacement of civilians and massive human rights violations. In asking this question, the volume examines issues surrounding sovereignty, geopolitics, nuclear disarmament, securitization of space, technological developments, human rights, the clearance of landmines, the regulation of small arms and the control of the black market for arms and nuclear secrets. The south eastern europe clearinghouse for the control of small arms and light weapons (seesac) is an important organisation in the struggle against illicit trade of salw in south eastern europe, providing assistance and training to countries with lack of resources. And secrets of small arms and light weapons proliferation in ghana, a phenomenon that is often conjured, but understood very poorly ghana is known as one of the most secure sub-saharan african states with crime rates even.
1aa baasssicgudduegccsemlrivey 1 documenting small arms and light weapons a basic guide introduction this issue brief was written with a range of professionals in mind. Such codes would bar the sale or transfer of small arms and light weapons to any state that is ruled by a military dictatorship, that fails to respect the human rights of its citizens, that violates un arms embargoes, or that cannot ensure the security of the weapons already in its possession. Major illicit arms trade investigations suggest that most illegal transfers fall under this category sources of illicit small arms include weapons dispersed during conflict and in countries such as burma and cambodia, decades of civil war have left hundreds of thousands of weapons unchecked.
Small arms, sometimes also referred to here as light weapons, are deﬁ ned as weapons that can be handled by one or two persons and include machine guns, mortars, rocket launchers, grenade launchers, and portable launchers of antitank missile and rocket systems, including their ammuni. Small arms and light weapons are a subcategory of conventional weapons and range from pistols and rifles to mortars, rocket-propelled grenades, and man-portable air defense systems, or manpads ( conventional weapons destruction (cwd. Small arms and light weapons (salw) is a term used in arms control protocols to refer to two main classes of man portable weapons.
Small arms history and design, small arms and light weapons, small arms guns and gas in southeast asia: transnational flows in the burma-bangladesh borderland (2006) bookmark. Over the last decade, a range of actors have pressed for states and regional organizations to take action against the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons some regional bodies have responded with comprehensive plans of action and impressive policy responses others have done very little. Because the spread of small arms and light weapons is transnational, countries should be actively and collectively engaged in the regional and international organizations and regimes that guide and govern weapons issues.
Further securitization of the issue can be attributed to the 2001 united nations conference on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects. The securitization of small arms and light weapons proliferation expressed by the 4362 meeting of the un security council succinctly captures the devastating impact. The proliferation of small arms and light weapons in west africa: implications for subregional security a thesis presented to the faculty of the us army. This article analyses the issue of small arms and light weapons (salw) proliferation in both ghana and the economic community of west african states (ecowas) specifically, it assesses the extent to which both ghana and ecowas have 'securitised' this particular issue through an initial. Under the programme of action to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects (poa), governments agreed to improve national small arms laws.
The un programme of action provides the framework for activities to counter the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons it was adopted by all un member states in 2001 it was adopted by all un member states in 2001. Defining salw (i) small arms revolvers and self-loading pistols, rifles and carbines, sub-machine-guns, assault rifles, light machine-guns -individual weapons may be carried by an individual. The securitization of small arms and light weapons proliferation expressed by the 4362 the proliferation of small arms and light weapons (salw) in the niger delta region of nigeria has not. Small arms vs light weapons small arms are weapons that tend toward the lower end of the caliber spectrum, including handguns and rifles while light weapons are characterized as still being.
Mabayo, raisa a is 267 - salw securitization 01 april 2009 word count: 3,560 1 securitization of the illicit trade in 2 small arms and light weapons in southeast asia introduction the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons (salw) is one of the leading issues in transnational crime and sits comfortably amidst a wide range of non. Small arms for a more detailed list of common firearms, see list of most-produced firearms small arms include handguns ( revolvers and pistols ) and long guns , such as rifles , carbines , shotguns , submachine guns , assault rifles , personal defense weapons , and light machine guns. A ban on small arms and light weapons is unrealistic, given the widespread acceptance of their legitimacy in the hands of militaries and some police forces the focus of efforts should be to end the indiscriminate use and curb the oversupply of these weapons, with the aim of reducing the damage and suffering they cause.
According to small arms survey estimates, guided light weapons are or have been held by at least 60 non-state armed groups' small arms survey publications anti-tank guided weapons , april 2012, updated june 2017. Arms and light weapons are joined by expositions in the disciplines that contribute to the making of a good citizen: domestic law, international law, humanitarian law, human rights, international institutions, etc. Small arms and light weapons (salw) activities aim at regaining control over the uncontrolled transfers of salw as a contribution to security, peace and stability.